Berries, Phytodrugs, and Bacteria

Phytochemicals: A Promising Weapon in the Arsenal against Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria by Bahman Khameneh , N. A. Michael Eskin, Milad Iranshahy,* and Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz. 2021. Antibiotics 10, 1044

This review by scientists at the Univ of Manitoba, Winnipeg and Mashad Univervsity of Medicine, Iran summarizes research on plant-based medicines or phytodrugs that have value as bactericides in humans. The purpose is to expand the tools in our medicine chest to minimize antibiotic-resistant bacteria that have been surfacing recently with the overuse of traditional antibiotics such as Penicillin. The authors explore the use of traditional herbal and berry medicines that might be useful in combination with, or instead of, these antibiotics. The list is quite long and includes two groups of berries familiar to all of us living in the North. The most widespread, of course, are bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, sold commercially as Uva Ursi and several species of Vaccinium that have been known for centuries in the treatment of bacterial urinary tract infections. A lot of the paper is best digested by chemists or pharmacologists, but it shows an ever-increasing interest in natural products by the medical community.

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